Sexuality, STDs and Fertility Change in East Africa

Sexuality, STDs and Fertility Change in East Africa, 1900-1970

Shane Doyle, Senior Lecturer in Modern African History, University of Leeds, s.d.doyle@leeds.ac.uk

Previous work on STDs in East Africa before HIV has focused on the early colonial period, when fears of depopulation prompted intrusive, moralistic programmes of surveillance and compulsory examination and treatment, often on the basis of misdiagnosis. However, after the 1920s the military and missionary components of STD control lessened in significance, and testing became both more common and more cautiously interpreted. This paper will discuss the evolution of STD policies and trends in incidence through the colonial and early post-colonial periods, focusing in particular on the relationship between STDs and fertility.

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